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CCNA: Routing and Switching Exam 200-125

Course Code



5 Days

Due to the pace and duration of this course, ideal candidates operate in medium to large computing environment:

  • They have a minimum of one-year experience working in a LAN/WAN environment
  • They have passed the Network+ course and certification exam and/or possess this knowledge

Participants in this course will learn how to install, operate, configure, and verify a basic IPv4 and IPv6 network, including configuring a LAN switch, configuring an IP router, managing network devices, and identifying basic security threats. The goal of the course is to provide you with the knowledge and skills necessary to install, configure, and operate a small- to medium-sized network. Participants of this accelerated course are provided knowledge and skills to install and configure Cisco IOS routers and switches in a multi-router network that uses LAN and WAN interfaces for the most commonly used routing protocols. The CCNA is considered to be the most universally rewarding certification produced in the IT industry. Individuals who possess a CCNA usually carry job titles such as Network Engineer or Network Architect. This class will utilize Dynamips which is a software simulator.

Course Materials consist of a CCNA participant manual and the following materials:

  • The Cisco Certified Network Associate Routing and Switching textbook and CCNA Virtual Lab e-trainer

Cisco e-trainer simulator software will be utilized with several routers and switches

Exam Preparation
Completion, review and discussion of examination question examples.

Domains of Exam
Planning and Design, Implementing and Operation, Technology, and Troubleshooting

Within the four domains, Cisco will ask questions dealing with Internetworking, Ethernet networks and data encapsulation, TCP/IP, subnetting, VLSMs, Summarization, and troubleshooting TCP/IP. You will also be testing on the Cisco IOS, Managing a Cisco Internetwork, Managing Cisco Devices, IP routing with static, default, and dynamic routing protocols (RIP, EIGRP, OSPF, and BGP). Topics include Layer 2 switching, and VLANs, and Inter-VLAN routing, security, ACL’s, NAT, and troubleshooting IPv4, IPv6, and VLANs, WANs, and the evolution of Intelligent Networks. Both IPv4 and IPv6 are covered on this exam for EIGRPv6 and OSPFv3 (for IPv6).

Criteria for Certification
Cisco does not publish the pass score for this exam, but the community commonly accepts that the passing score is 825 out of 1000. The exam contains between 52 and 65 questions that include multiple choice, drag and drop, and simulation style questions in varying numbers.

This course is designed for all IT personnel who meet the prerequisites.

Upon completion of this course, participants will be able to:

  • Configure Cisco IOS routers and switches to support a specified list of protocols and technologies
  • Identify each of the seven layers of the OSI reference model
  • Determine in which situation a hub, Ethernet switch, or router would be used
  • Overview of Ethernet Networks and CSMA/CD, Half-Duplex and Full-Duplex Ethernet, and MAC Addressing
  • Understand the TCP/IP and the DoD Model, Describe classes of IP addresses, and understand IP Addressing
  • Understand subnetting basics and How to Create Subnets and Subnet Masks for Class A, B, and C IP addresses
  • Understand Variable Length Subnet Masks (VLSM) and Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR)
  • Utilize the Command Line Interface (CLI) to configure Hostnames, Banners, Descriptions, and Passwords
  • Configure router interfaces and verifying and saving your configuration
  • Understanding the IP routing process, Create and verify static route and default routing
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot RIP, EIGRP, and OSPF routing
  • Overview of IPv6: Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv6 addresses and routing protocols
  • Managing Configuration Register, back up and restoring the Cisco IOS and startup and running configuration
  • Configure, verify and troubleshoot IP standard, IP extended, and named access lists
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot NAT (Static, Dynamic, and Overloading NAT)
  • Describe Layer-2 switching and STP; Configure, verify, and troubleshoot Cisco IOS Switches
  • Understand VLAN Basics and VLAN Memberships (Static and Dynamic)
  • Identifying VLANs, Frame Tagging and Inter-Switch Link (ISL)Protocol
  • Describe Virtual Trunking Protocol (VTP) and Routing between VLANS
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VLANs

Module 1: Internetworking 
Internetworking Basics and Internetworking Models: The Layered Approach and advantages of Reference Models
OSI Reference Model: Application, Presentation, Session, Transport, Network, Data Link, and Physical Layers

Module 2: Ethernet Networking
Ethernet Networks in Review: Broadcast and Collision Domain, Half and Full-Duplex Ethernet
Ethernet Address (MAC Address): Conversions, Ethernet Frames, and Building a Frame
Ethernet Cables: Straight-Through, Crossover, and Fiber Optic Cables
Campus Hierarchical Layers (Core, Distribution, and Access Layers)

Module 3: Introduction to TCP/IP
Comparing OSI and TCP Models
Transport Layer: TCP and UDP
Internet Layer: IP Packet, Protocol Field of IP, ICMP, ARP, RARP, and IP Address Terminology

Module 4: IP Subnetting
Subnetting Basics: IP Subnet-Zero
Understanding Powers of Two and How to Create Subnets
Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) and Subnet Masks
Subnetting Class A, B, and C IP Addresses
Subnetting in Your Head: Class A, B, and C IP Addresses

Module 5: VLSMs, Summarization, and Troubleshooting TCP/IP
Variable Length Subnet Masks (VLSM): Route Summarization and Route Summarization Examples
Troubleshooting IP Addressing

Module 6: Cisco’s Internetworking Operating System (IOS)
The IOS User Interface: Cisco IOS, Connecting to a Cisco IOS Device, and Bringing Up a Router
Entering the Command Line Interface (CLI), Router Modes, CLI Prompts, and Editing and Help Features
Administrative Configurations: Hostnames, Banners, Setting Passwords, Encrypting Passwords, and Descriptions 
Router and Switch Interfaces: Bringing up an Interface and viewing, Saving, Erasing, and Verifying Configurations

Module 7: IP Routing
Routing Basics and the IP Routing Process and Configuring IP Routing: Static Routing and Default Routing
Dynamic Routing Protocols: Administrative Distances and Routing Protocol Metrics
Distance Vector Protocols: Convergence Time and Routing Loop Solutions
Configure, verify, and troubleshoot RIP routing

Module 8: Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) 
Benefits of IPv6: Simplified IPv6 Header Format, Extended Address Space, Header Extensions, No IPv6 Fragmentation
IPv6 Addressing: IPv6 Address Notation, Stateful Address Autoconfiguration, Stateless Address Autoconfiguration (SLAAC), Address Privacy Notation
IPv6 Address Types: Unicast, Multicast, and Anycast
Configuring IPv6 Addresses (Loopback and Static IPv6 Addresses)
Configure, verity, and troubleshoot IPv6 Routing Protocols (IPv6 Static Routes and Configuring RIPng)

Module 9: Enhanced IGRP (EIGRP)
Distance Vector Protocol Scalability Issues and Routing Protocol Comparison
EIGRP Features and Operation: Route Discovery and Maintenance, EIGRP Neighbor Discovery, Best Route Selection
Neighbor Relationships and Reliable Transport Protocol (RTP), Diffusing Update Algorithm (DUAL), Status of the Network
VLSM Support and Summarization and EIGRP Summary Routes
Configure, verify, and troubleshoot EIGRP routing and EIGRPv6 routing

Module 10: Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)
Open Shortest Path First: Overview of the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Protocol and OSPF Terminology
OSPF Operation: LSA Flooding, OSPF Neighbor Initialization, SPF Tree Calculation, and OSPF Metrics
OSPF Configuration: Single Area and Multi Area
Configure, verify, and troubleshoot OSPF routing and OSPFv3 routing

Module 11: Security and Access Control Lists
Router Roles and Security, Access Control Lists, and Wild Mask Bits
Standard IP Access Lists and Extended IP Access Lists
Named Access Lists: Standard and Extended and Access Control List Remarks
Configure, Verify, and Troubleshoot IP Standard, Extended, and Named Access Lists

Module 12: Managing Cisco Devices and an Internetwork 
Router Status Commands, Overview of System Startup, Configuration Register Values, and Boot System Commands
Managing a Cisco Internetwork: Password Recovery, Configure DHCP, Back Up and Restore the Cisco IOS and Configuration Files, Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) and Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP), Utilize Telnet, Name Resolution, Extended Commands, and Logging Tools: Syslog
Cisco IOS File System (Cisco IFS) and Cisco IOS Licensing

Module 13: Network Device Management and Security
Mitigate Threats (Access Layer)
External Authentication Options: RADIUS and TACACS+
Router Redundancy with First Hop Redundancy Protocols (FHRP):

  • Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP)
  • Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
  • Global Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP)

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), Configuring SNMP, and SNMP Comparison (v1, v2 and v3)

Module 14: Network Address Translation (NAT)
Network Address Translation (NAT)
NAT Terminology and NAT Overview
Four Types of NAT: Static NAT, Dynamic NAT, Overloading NAT, and Overlapping NAT
Configure, Verify, and Troubleshoot NAT

Module 15: Layer 2 Switching
Layer 2 Switching: Network Latency, Extending LANS Using a Hub, Why Segment LANs?
Segmentation with Bridges and Switches and Bridges versus Switches
Three Switch Functions at Layer 2: Address learning, Forward and Filter Decisions, and Loop Avoidance
Spanning Tree Protocol, Configuring a Switch, and Port Security
Improving STP: PortFast, UplinkFast, and Backbone Fast
Spanning Tree Protocol Operations: CST, PVST, PVST+, MST, RSTP
EtherChannel: PAgP and LACP
Configure, Verify, and Troubleshoot Switches and Spanning Tree Protocol

Module 16: VLANs and Inter-VLAN Routing
Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN)
VLAN Implementations: Static VLAN and Dynamic VLAN
VLAN Links: Access Links and Trunk Links
VLAN Trunk Encapsulation: Inter-Switch Link Routing (ISL) and Frame Tagging (802.1q)
Virtual Trunking Protocol (VTP)
Configure Trunk Ports and Configure VLANs
Configure, Verify, and Troubleshoot VLANs and Trunk Ports

Module 17: Wide Area Networks (WAN)
WAN Topology Options and Wide Area Network Terminology
Cisco WAN Support, WAN Line Types and Bandwidth, and Cabling the Wide Area Network
WAN Encapsulation Types: High Level Data-Link Control (HDLC) and Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
Virtual Private Networks and VPN tunneling Protocols
Cisco IOS IPsec and Configuring GRE Tunnels
Border Gateway Protocol:

  • BGP Operation, BGP Capabilities, Route Selection Phase Summary
  • Configuring eBGP and Troubleshooting BGP Operation

Module 18: Evolution of Intelligent Networks
Switch Stacking, Cloud Computing, and Cloud Service Models
Cloud Network Programmability, Cloud API’s, and Cisco APIC-EM
Cisco Intelligent Wide Area Network (IWAN)
Quality of Service: QoS Three Step Process for Classification and Marking:

  • Type of Service (ToS), IP Precedence Values, MPLS EXP Bit Marking, DSCP Classes, and LAN CoS Fields
  • Trust Boundaries and Cisco IP Phone Trust Boundary
  • Shaping and Policing Tools, Congestion Management Tools, and Congestion Avoidance Tools
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