Floors - Types of floors, their methods of construc...



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Floors - Notes, Lectures

Types of Floor Lecture Notes

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1. Mud Floor:
These floors are not prepared in commercial or professional buildings but only in residential buildings in rural areas.

2. Brick floor:
The floor whose topping is of brick. These are easy to construct
and repair. but the surface resulting from these is not smooth and
is rough, hence, easily absorbs and retains moisture which may
cause dampness in the building.

Method of construction:
For constructing a brick floor, the top surface of earth or muram
filling is properly consolidated. Over this compacted earth, a layer
of clean sand about 10 cm thick is evenly spread. Then a layer of
lime concrete (1:4:8) or lean cement concrete (1:4:16) is laid,
compacted and cured. Over this base concrete well soaked bricks
are laid in cement mortar (1:4) in any suitable bond. In case
pointing is to be done, the minimum thickness of joints should not
exceed 2 mm and and the mortar in joints is struck off with a
trowel. When the pointing is to be done, the minimum thicknessof
joints is kept 6mm and the pointin may be done.

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The floors are suitable for stores, godowns etc.

3. Tile floor:
The floor whose topping is of tiles is called tile floor. The tiles used may be of any desired quality, colr, shape or


Method of construction:
For constructing a tile floor, the base course is prepared in the same manner as in case of brick flooring.Over the base
course thus prepared, a thin layer of lime or cement mortar is spread with the help of screed battens. Then the screeds
are properly levelled and fixed at the correct height. When the surface mortar has hardened sufficiently, the specified tiles
are laid on a 6 mm thick bed of wet cement mortar.(1:5). The surplus mortar which comes out of the joints is cleaneed off.
After 3 days, the joints are well rubbed a carborundum stone so as to smoothen the surface, specially the edges.

These floor are used for paving courtyard of buildings. Glazed tiles floors are used in modern buildings where a high

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P.aboutcivil. Method of construction: For constructing a flagstone floor. The stone slabs used here may not be of the same size but should not be more than 75 cm length and not less than 35 cm in width and 3. Suitability: These type of floorings are suitable in godowns. Provide a smooth & non absorbent surface 3. The slabs are soaked well in water atleast one hour before laying. 5. 5. Contact Directly & Get Live Quotes! Types of cement concrete floors: 1. They provide more sanitary surface as they can be cleaned & washed easily.Types of floors. Following are the advantages of concrete floors: 1.C) Joints Reinforced Building Elements Building construction and maintenance Formwork Course outlines About Us | Site Map | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | 2 of 2 © 2014 WebTechTix 02/10/2016 09:55 AM . They are economical as they require negligible maintenance cost 6.5 cm to 5cm thick concrete layer laid over 10 cm thick base concrete and 10 cm thick clean sand over ground whose compaction and consolidation is done. Non-Monolithic or bonded floor finish floor 2.html class building is desired. They are more fire resistant 4. These floors consists of 2.Floors . They can be finished with a pleasing appearance. pavements etc.. Starting a New Business? Reduce your Office costs. Cement concrete floor: The floors whose topping consists of cement concrete is called cement concrete floor or conglomerate floor. They should be evenly and firmly bedded in mortar.. motor sheds. The thickness of joints should not exceed 4mm and they should be struck off with a trowel while laying.8 cm in thickness. the same method is applied as in case of tile floor. Get a Business Address instead! 4. Steel Floor Wholesale Top Deals at Factory Price. their methods of construc. stores. Flagstone floor: The floors whose topping consists of stone slabs is called flagstone floor.org/Floors. They are hard & Durrable 2. http://www. These floors are commonly used these days. Monolithic floor finish floor Terrazzo floor How to make a Mosaic Floor Timber floor Related Pages Related pages Foundations Dampness and Damp proof cement (D.

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